There are a number of methods of
contraception ranging from male and female condoms to hormonal pills,
contraceptive implants, injections and intrauterine devices. Contraceptive
methods like condoms also help prevent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
The type of contraceptive method used depends on
the individual's preference. The safety of contraceptive methods should be
evaluated with a doctor's advice before proceeding with a chosen method.
This global campaign was
launched in 2007 with the vision that every pregnancy should be
Contraception Day (WCD) is observed on 26th September every year to increase awareness
about contraception and safe sex. The campaign has been disseminating critical
information to enable young people make informed choices when it comes to sex,
pregnancy, sexual health and reproductive issues.
The rationale behind WCD is to prevent the
physical and psychological trauma from unwanted pregnancies. According to
statistics released by the Alan Guttmacher Institute (AGI), New York, four in
ten pregnancies are unplanned of which half end in abortions. In developed
nations, of the 28 million pregnancies each year, approximately 49% are
unplanned and 36% end in abortions. In developing nations, of the 182 million pregnancies each year,
approximately 36% are unplanned and 20% end in abortions.
According to the AGI president Jeannie I.
Rosoff, women all over the world take measures to terminated unplanned
pregnancies and we must respect these decisions and ensure safe abortion when
it is a choice made by the woman.
While around 26 million women have legal
abortions each year, around 20 million have illegal abortions. Conditions and
laws regarding abortion differ across the globe and several countries prohibit
abortions (except to save the woman's life). In several countries, religious
laws prohibit abortion. Such prohibitions lead to women seeking illegal
abortions, which are unsafe and often practiced by unauthorized quacks. The
World Health Organization (WHO) defines unsafe abortions as "procedure for
terminating an unwanted pregnancy either by persons lacking the necessary
skills or in an environment lacking the minimal medical standards, or
both." Abortions by unauthorized people and in unsafe, unhygienic
conditions lead to complications and deaths.
Unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortions affect
the general and reproductive health of women globally. The WCD campaign is
committed to improving reproductive health of women in both developed and
developing nations through awareness campaigns in collaboration with local
governments and NGOs.
WCD is currently supported by a coalition of 12
international NGOs and health and medical societies working in sexual and
reproductive health. The NGOs which are a part of this campaign are:
Pacific Council on Contraception (APCOC)
Latinamericano Salud y Mujer (CELSAM)
Society of Contraception and Reproductive Health (ESC)
Stiftung für Weltbevölkerung (DSW)
Federation of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology (FIGIJ)
United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Your Life, It's Your Future, Know Your Options"
This year's theme is meant
to convey to young people across the globe that pregnancy is an individual
choice and there are options available to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Young
people are encouraged to exercise their right and use contraception for safe
sex and better reproductive health. Unwanted pregnancies and STIs impact
both physical and psychological health.
In several countries where cultures forbid
discussions of sex and related issues, such campaigns pitch in to keep young
people informed and educated about the need for safe sex and safe pregnancies.
Campaign partners across the globe work with communities to discuss the issue
of contraceptives and also provide demos and samples.
This year's WCD theme has its own website
http://www.your-life.com/ which discusses several issues and answers questions
around contraception. WCD 2015 also has a digital campaign with the hash tag